Letters

The Effects Of Domestic Violence On The Family And The Society

Domestic violence is a widespread social problem that has a negative effect on families and society. It is defined by a pattern of behavior in which one person in a relationship abuses the other person physically, emotionally, or financially. Domestic violence can have serious consequences for victims, including physical and emotional injuries, economic hardship, and even death. The effects of domestic violence also extend beyond the immediate victim to include family members, friends, co-workers, and society as a whole.

THE EFFECTS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE ON THE FAMILY AND THE SOCIETY: A CASE STUDY OF EKET LOCAL GOVERNMENT  AREA OF AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA

BY

 

IWEDIKE, EYYO GODWIN

MATRIC NO: NOU158608769

 

A PROJECT PROPOSAL TO BE SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF CRIMINOLOGY AND SECURITY STUDIES, FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCE, NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA, ABUJA

 

STATEMENT OF THE RESEARCH PROBLEM

Nigeria today is regard as a third world country as a result of slow pale in development; domestic violence victims loose a total of nearly 8.0million days of paid works, the equivalent of more than 32000 full-time jobs and nearly 5.6 million days of household productivity as a result of violence (NCIPC, 2003). The attitude of every individual is a product of their domestic experience. That means, that what people go through at home reflex’s in their attitude in public either negative or positive. Victims of Domestic violence exhibits negative attitude in public and work place through “transferred aggression”.

An estimated 85 to 90 percent of domestic violence victims are female (Rennison and welchains, 2000).

Females are victims of intimate partner violence at a rate about five times that of males (Tjaden and Twennes, 2000).

As many as 324,000 females each year experience intimate partner violence during their pregnancy (Azmararian et al., 2000).

It is believed that gender based violence is of “epidemic proportions” (gender action, 1997) and is seldom reported because of fear of reprisal and lack of response from law enforcement officials, for example “No safe haven: an Annual report of attacks on women in Nigeria” (domestic violence assessment policy, 2007)reports a total of 170 cases based on media reports covering the period from December 2004 to November 2005.

Obviously, this is just the tip of the Iceberg as hundred of cases go unreported and undocumented.

In Eket Local Government Area, domestic violence is taking place either from husbands battering their wives  and vice versa or parents hitting their children or foster children unnecessarily, the effects of the violence on the victims and how it affect their families and the society  are what the researcher is set to unravel and to suggest ways to control or minimize  them.

OBJECTIVES (MAIN AND SPECIFIC)

The main aim of the study is to investigate the effects of domestic violence in the family and the society in Nigeria. Using Eket Local Government as a case study.

The specific objectives are as follows:

  1. To examine the effects of domestic violence on the behavioral pattern of children in Eket Local Government.
  2. To examine the causes and types of domestic violence in Nigeria.
  3. To discuss how domestic violence affects women in Eket Local Government.
  4. To examine how domestic violence affect the socio-economic development in Nigeria.

This study would discuss the victims of Domestic Violence in Eket, and recommend ways to control the menace in this part of Nigeria.

The study would discuss the effect of Domestic Violence on the socio-economic development of Nigeria and the roles the government, the religious and the traditional institutions can play towards the resolution of domestic violence in Eket Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria.

METHODOLOGY

The research would adopt survey design that deals with large populations. Obikeze (1990) and Berbie (1997) said that survey means using a selected sample from a fraction to analyze a large population, the special interest in survey lies in the breath of the coverage and representativeness of the population under study. The survey research method would therefore be used for the study considering the fact that Eket Local Government is a fairly large populated area. About 242,900 (NPC, 2016).

SIGNIFICANCE

This research work would be of immense benefit to the people of Eket Local Government, Akwa Ibom State and Nigeria as a whole as well as other researchers who wish to carry out a similar research on the effects of Domestic Violence on the family and the society in Nigeria with Eket Local Government as the case study.

 LIKELY CONSTRAINTS

The study would be limited to Eket Local Government Area, due to the high cost of research work on a population of about two hundred and fifty thousand people. The suburb would likely posed a challenge due to the fact that they have no street names and house numbers which may make it difficult to locate the streets and the houses.

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